When to use

When the question has a bar graph. For example:

Structure

The bar graph depicts [TITLE]. On the horizontal, the graph shows [X-axis], while on the vertical, it shows [Y-axis]. The highest [highest-point]. In comparison, the lowest [lowest-point]. Other important [other-important-points]. In conclusion, the [TITLE] is distributed all over the range.

Example

The bar graph depicts the students birthdays by month. On the horizontal, the graph shows the months from January to December, while on the vertical, it shows the number of students from zero to twelve. The highest number of birthdays is in June at 10. In comparison, the lowest number of birthdays is in August at just 1. Other important months for birthdays are May, July, September and October. In conclusion, the student birthdays are distributed all over the range.

When to use

When the question has a bar graph with multiple bars. For example:

Structure

The bar graphs in the image compare [TITLE]. The [Key]. On the horizontal, the graph shows[X-axis] , while on the vertical, it shows [Y-axis]. The highest [highest-point]. In comparison, the lowest [lowest-point]. Other important [other-points]. In conclusion, the [TITLE] has/have a wide variation.

Example

The bar graphs in the image compare how much expenditure two countries made on consumer goods in the year 2021. The two countries are UK and France, blue representing France and Orange representing UK. On the horizontal, the graph shows consumption categories such as cars, computers, books, perfume and cameras, while on the vertical, it shows the amount in pounds sterling from 0 to 500,000. The highest expenditure is made on cars, with UK spending 450,000 and France slightly lower at 400,000. In comparison, the lowest was on perfume, in which France spent more than UK. Other major expenditure items are computers and books. In conclusion, the expenditure has a wide variation.

When to use

When the question has a bar graph with horizontal bars. For example:

Structure

The bar graph in the picture shows [TITLE]. On the horizontal it shows [X-axis], while on the vertical it shows [Y-axis]. The highest [highest-point]. In comparison the [lowest-point]. Other important [other-point]. In conclusion, the [TITLE] shows a wide variation.

Example

The bar graph in the picture shows how favorite various snacks are. On the horizontal it shows the number of votes, while on the vertical it shows different snacks. The highest votes are for fruits at 9. In comparison the crackers have the lowest number of only 2 votes. Other important snacks are cheese, popcorn and vegetables. In conclusion, the snacks popularity shows a wide variation.

When to use

When the graph has a single line.

Structure

The line graph in the picture shows [TITLE]. On the horizontal the graph has [X-axis], while on the vertical it has [Y-axis]. At the start [starting-point], which reached [ending-point]. In between, [middle-point]. In conclusion, the [TITLE] has shown a consistent increase/decrease with some variations.

Example

The line graph in the picture shows Russel’s height at gaps of 3 years. On the horizontal the graph has his age from 0 to 24 years, while on the vertical it has his height from 0 to 8 feet. At the start Russel’s height was 2 feet at 3 years of age, which reached over 6 feet at 24. In between, it showed a steep rise from year 12 to 15. In conclusion, the height of Russel has shown a consistent increase with some variations.

When to use

When the graph has multiple lines.

Structure

The line graph in the picture shows [TITLE]. [Explain Key]. On the horizontal the graph has [X-axis], while on the vertical it has [Y-axis]. At the start [starting-point], which reached [ending-point]. In between, [middle-point]. In conclusion, the [TITLE] has shown a consistent increase/decrease with some variations.

Example

The line graph in the picture shows expenditure made on per pupil in terms of daily attendance. The orange line shows expenditure in terms of 2004-5 dollars and the blue line shows total expenditure in unadjusted terms. On the horizontal the graph has school year starting from 1977-78 to 2002-03, while on the vertical it has expenditure in thousands of dollars. At the start in 1977-78 expenditure was 2 thousand unadjusted and 6.1 thousand adjusted, which reached almost 10 thousand in 2002-03. In between, the expenditure reached 4.6 thousand unadjusted in 1987-88. In conclusion, the expenditure per student in average daily attendance has shown a consistent increase with some variations.

When to use

When the graph has lines that cross each other at some point.

Structure

The line graph in the picture shows [TITLE]. [Explain Key]. On the horizontal the graph has [X-axis], while on the vertical it has [Y-axis]. At the start [starting-point], which reached [ending-point]. In between, [cross-over-point]. In conclusion, the [TITLE] has shown a consistent trend with some variations.

Example

The line graph in the picture shows wildlife population trends. Blue represents bears, orange dolphins and grey means whales. On the horizontal the graph has years from 2021 to 2022, while on the vertical it has population numbers from 0 to 200. At the start in 2021, bears were very low at 1, whales at 80 and dolphins at about 150, which reached almost 0 in 2022 for dolphins, but more than 180 for bears and same number of whales. In between, around year 2021, bears population over took dolphins. In conclusion, the wildlife population has shown a consistent trend with some variations.

When to use

When the image shows a simple pie chart.

Structure

The pie chart in the image shows [TITLE]. [Read the key]. The biggest slice of the pie [highest-share], while the smallest slice of the pie is claimed by [lowest-share]. Other important shares [other-points]. In conclusion, the pie chart shows a wide range of share distribution.

Example

The pie chart in the image shows the student grades. Different colors represent different grades, for example, purple is B grade, green is A grade and red is C grade. The biggest slice of the pie is for B grade at 12 and 42.9 percent, while the smallest slice of the pie is claimed by grade D at 7.1 percent. Other important shares are of grade C and A. In conclusion, the pie chart shows a wide range of share distribution.

When to use

When the image shows a chart with a very large number of slices.

Structure

The pie chart in the image shows [TITLE]. [Read the key]. The biggest slice of the pie [highest-share], while the smallest slice of the pie is claimed by [lowest-share]. Other important shares [other-points]. Several others such as [combine-other-small-slices] make up the rest. In conclusion, the pie chart shows a wide range of share distribution.

Example

The pie chart in the image shows the mode of initial contact for leads. Different colors represent different modes, such as blue representing existing client and red representing a referral. The biggest slice of the pie is for existing clients at 11 percent, while the smallest slice of the pie is claimed by walk ins at 0.9 percent. Other important shares are of referral, previous client and trade shows at around 7 percent. Several others such as magazine, article and search make up the rest. In conclusion, the pie chart shows a wide range of share distribution.

When to use

When the image has a pie chart with a focus on one part of the chart.

Structure

The pie chart in the image shows [TITLE]. [Read the key]. [Explain the focus point]. The biggest share is claimed by [highest-share], while the smallest is for [lowest-share]. The [focus-point] is further made up of [other-points]. In conclusion, the pie chart shows a wide range of share distribution.

Example

The pie chart in the image shows the market share of different desktop browsers in 2021. Different colors of blue represent different browsers such as chrome and firefox. Other browsers are further divided into opera, edge, safari, etc.. The biggest share is claimed by Chrome at 61 percent, while the smallest is for others at 11%. The other browsers share is further made up of edge, opera and safari at under 5 percent each. In conclusion, the pie chart shows a wide range of share distribution.

When to use

When you have a line graph and a bar graph in the same image.

Structure

The line graph and the bar graph in the image show [TITLE]. [Read-key]. On the horizontal, the graph shows [X-axis], while on the vertical, the graph shows [Y-axis]. At the start, [starting-point], whereas at the end, [ending-point]. In between, [middle-point]. In conclusion, the image shows wide variations for [graph 1] and [graph 2]. 

Example

The line graph and the bar graph in the image show precipitation and temperature for the year. The line graph in red shows the temperature and the bar graph in blue shows the rainfall. On the horizontal, the graph shows months from January to December, while on the vertical, the graph shows temperature on one side and rainfall on the other. At the start, in January the precipitation is about 100mm and temperature is below 0 degrees, whereas at the end, in December temperature is slightly above 0 and rainfall is close to 100mm. In between, in July, temperature reaches a maximum of just under 25 degrees. In conclusion, the image shows wide variations for temperature and rainfall.

When to use

When you have multiple bar graphs in the image.

Structure

The bar graphs in the image show [TITLE1] and [TITLE2]. In the first graph, [POINT1] and [POINT2]. In the other graph, [POINT3] whereas [POINT4]. In conclusion, [POINT-from-GRAPH1] and [POINT-from-GRAPH2].

Example

The bar graphs in the image show which genre of movies are student favorites and which snacks are most popular. In the first graph, thrillers are most popular with 6 students liking them and dramas are least popular. In the other graph, fruits are the most favorite snacks with 9 votes whereas trail mix is least popular. In conclusion, thrillers are liked most and fruits eaten most by the students.

When to use

When the image has a geographical map.

Structure

The map in the image shows [TITLE]. First we can clearly see that [POINT1-major]. The other end of the map shows [POINT2]. In addition, [POINT3]. To conclude, the map highlights [TITLE-paraphrase]. 

Example

The map in the image shows the major rivers of the world. First we can clearly see that Asia has a large number of major rivers such as Indus, Yangtze and Mekong. The other end of the map shows American rivers such as Yukon, Missisipi and Missouri. In addition, Australia has Murray-Darling, Africa has Nile and Europe has Rhine and Volga. To conclude, the map highlights major rivers all over the world. 

When to use

When the image shows a map of a single place such as a campus or a store.

Structure

The map shows [TITLE]. The [POINT1] is located at the [POINT1-location] whereas the [POINT2] is present at the [POINT2-location]. Not to be missed, [POINT3] is situated at [POINT3-location]. In conclusion, the map clearly illustrates [TITLE-paraphrase].

Example

The map shows the libraries on the campus. The Mills Library is located at almost the centre of the campus whereas the Innis Library is present at the North East of the campus. Not to be missed, Thode Library is situated at the West end of the campus. In conclusion, the map clearly illustrates all libraries on the campus.

When to use

When the image shows a general photo.

Structure

The photo shows [OVERALL THEME]. [FEATURE1] can be vividly seen in the photo. In addition, [FEATURE2] is also impossible to miss. However/Furthermore, [FEATURE3]. In conclusion, the photo depicts [THEME-paraphrased] in great detail. 

Example

The photo shows a city with several tall buildings. Many skyscrapers can be vividly seen in the photo. In addition, the symmetry of the city is also impossible to miss. However, there are some green spaces between the buildings. In conclusion, the photo depicts a big populated city in great detail. 

When to use

When the image shows a general photo. The template shows another way of describing the same image.

Structure

The photo depicts [OVERALL THEME]. The most striking feature of the photo is [FEATURE1]. In addition, [FEATURE2] is also equally important. However/Furthermore, [FEATURE3]. In conclusion, the photo highlights [THEME-paraphrased] in great detail. 

Example

The photo depicts a city with several tall buildings. The most striking feature of the photo is the large number of skyscrapers. In addition, the symmetrical arrangement of buildings is also equally important. However, the city also has considerable greenery. In conclusion, the photo highlights the tall buildings of this big city in great detail. 

When to use

When the image has a simple table.

Structure

The table shows the [TITLE/THEME]. [FIRST-POINT], is at the top of the table, whereas [LAST-POINT] is at the bottom. In between, there are [POINT-2], [POINT-3], etc. In conclusion, the table displays the wide range of [THEME-paraphrase].

Example

The table shows the top 10 countries of the world in terms of population. China with about 1.3 billion, is at the top of the table, whereas Japan with about 126 million is at the bottom. In between, there are India at 1.2 billion, US at 321 million and others with population between 140 and 300 million. In conclusion, the table displays the wide range of population diversity in the world.

When to use

When the image has a table with comparison between rows as well as columns.

Structure

The table compares the [THEME]. At the top is, [POINT-1], that has [VARIATION-1]. On the other hand, [POINT-2] is at the bottom and has [VARIATION-2]. In the middle are, [POINT-3], [POINT-4], etc. In conclusion, significant change is seen in [THEME-paraphrase].

Example

The table compares the projected population growth between different counties of the bay area from 2021 to 20210. At the top is, Santa Clara, that has about 1.8 million in 2021 and will go up to 2.08 million in 2040, showing a 12% increase. On the other hand, Napa is at the bottom and has 139 thousand in 2021 which will go up to 172 thousand in 2040. In the middle are, Alameda, San Francisco and San Mateo, etc. In conclusion, significant change is seen in the populations of various bay area countries from 2021 to 2040.

When to use

When the image shows a sequential process.

Structure

The diagram depicts various steps in the [TITLE]. The first step in the process is [STEP-1], which leads to [STEP-2]. This is followed by [STEP-3] and [STEP-4-optional]. The final step in the process is [STEP-Final]. In conclusion, [TITLE-paraphrased] follows a very well defined process.

Example

The diagram depicts various steps in the inbound methodology process. The first step in the process is to attract the strangers, which leads to converting the visitors to leads through forms and landing pages. This is followed by closing through emails, etc.. The final step in the process is to delight the customers through events and content to turn them into promoters. In conclusion, the inbound methodology follows a very well defined process.

When to use

When the image has a complex sequential process.

Structure

The diagram illustrates the various steps in [TITLE]. The process begins with [STEP-1], that leads to [STEP-2]. It is followed by [STEP-3], [STEP-4], … After several other stages, we have the [STEP-last]. In conclusion, the [TITLE-paraphrase] follows a vary complex multi step process.

Example

The diagram illustrates the various steps in paper manufacturing and recycling process. The process begins with radiata pine thinnings going to de-braking drump, that leads to chipper. It is followed by thermomechanical refiner and paper making machine which produces newsprint. After several other stages, we have the recycled paper back into paper making machine. In conclusion, the production and recycling of paper follows a vary complex multi step process.

When to use

When the image has a cyclic process diagram.

Structure

The diagram illustrates the various steps in the [TITLE]. The process begins with [STEP-1], that leads to [STEP-2]. This is followed by [STEP-3] and [STEP-4-optional]. Finally, the last step [STEP-last] provides input into the very first step and the process continues. In conclusion, the [TITLE-paraphrased] is a very sophisticated process.

Example

The diagram illustrates the various steps in the smart government lifecycle. The process begins with planning, that leads to acquisition. This is followed by implementation and maintenance. Finally, the last step results provides input into the very first step and the process continues. In conclusion, the lifecycle of smart government is a very sophisticated process.

When to use

When the image has a simple diagram which shows various parts of the system.

Structure

The diagram illustrates the various parts of [TITLE/THEME]. The first important component is [PART-1]. This is linked to [PART2-],[PART-3], etc. Other important parts are [PART4],…In conclusion, the [THEME/TITLE] is made up of several sophisticated components.

Example

The diagram illustrates the various parts of a bread maker. The first important component is the kneading blade. This is linked to the baking pan and rotating shaft, etc. Other important parts are the viewing window, steam vent and control panel. In conclusion, the bread maker is made up of several sophisticated components.

When to use

When the image has a diagram that shows the parts of the system and also how all parts of the system work together.

Structure

The diagram illustrates the various components of [THEME/TITLE] and how they operate together. First and foremost is the [PART-1]. This is linked/connected to [PART-2] and [PART-3] that [PART-3-function]. Other important parts are [PART-4], etc. that [PART-4-function]. In conclusion, the [THEME/TITLE] has several complex parts working together. 

Example

The diagram illustrates the various components of [THEME/TITLE] and how they operate together. First and foremost is the [PART-1]. This is linked/connected to [PART-2] and [PART-3] that [PART-3-function]. Other important parts are [PART-4], etc. that [PART-4-function]. In conclusion, the [THEME/TITLE] has several complex parts working together.

When to use

When the image has a table and pie chart.

Structure

The pie chart and table in the image show [TITLE/THEME]. The pie chart depicts [PIE-CHART-focus], whereas the table shows [TABLE-focus]. [PIE-CHART-POINT-1]. On the other hand, [PIE-CHART-POINT-2]. [TABLE-POINT-1]. But, [TABLE-POINT2]. In conclusion, the chart and the table clearly highlight [TITLE-paraphrase].

Example

The pie chart and table in the image show the household energy usage in Australia. The pie chart depicts what the energy is spent on, whereas the table shows energy consumed by number of people in the household. Heating and cooling accounts for maximum share of 38%. On the other hand, cooking, lighting etc. have smallest shares. Households with 1 person consume 5000 to 6500 KWH a year. But, those with 6 or more consume from 12000 to 16000 KWH. In conclusion, the chart and the table clearly highlight the energy usage in Australian households.

When to use

When the image has a bar graph and a table. Can be used for a line graph and table too.

Structure

The bar graph and table in the image show the [TITLE/THEME]. The bar graph illustrates the [BAR-GRAPH-focus], whereas the table focuses on [TABLE-focus]. [BAR-GRAPH-POINT-1]. On the other hand, [BAR-GRAPH-POINT-2]. [TABLE-POINT-1]. But, [TABLE-POINT-2]. In conclusion, the bar graph and table showcase the [TITLE/THEME] in significant detail.

Example

The bar graph and table in the image show the statistics for professional golf for the year 2021. The bar graph illustrates the earnings of different players, whereas the table focuses on a comparison of players on other factors. Woods had the highest earning of more than 10 million dollars. On the other hand, several such as Johnson and Garcia had less than half of Woods. Woods is aged 33 and has won 7 our of 16 events and finished in top 10 12 times. But, others had much lesser success rate. In conclusion, the bar graph and table showcase the professional gold statistics in significant detail.

When to use

When any two different types of images are present. This is a general template.

Structure

The [TYPE-1] and [TYPE-2] in the image illustrate the [THEME/TITLE]. The [TYPE-1]  highlights the [TYPE-1-focus], whereas [TYPE-2] focuses on the [TYPE-2-focus]. [TYPE-1-main point-1].On the other hand, [TYPE-1-main point-2]. [TYPE-2-main-point-1]. But, [TYPE-2-main point-2]. In conclusion, the  [TYPE-1]and [TYPE-2] provide significant details about [THEME/TITLE].

Example

The bar graph and table in the image illustrate the main sources of nutrition among children. The bar graph highlights the sources and their contributions, whereas, the table focuses on the popularity of the food items. Vegetables are the biggest source of nutrition. On the other hand, meat has the smallest share. Cabbage is the most popular vegetable. But, broccoli is the least popular with only 2% votes. In conclusion, the bar graph and table provide significant details about the nutrition sources and their popularity.

 

The photo and the piechart illustrate people of a city and their favorite hobbies. The photo highlights a group of people playing football, whereas, the pie chart focuses on the popularity of each hobby. Football is very popular as can be seen in the photo in which a large number of people are playing it in the park. On the other hand, some people are also shown swimming near the beach. Football is the most popular hobby with 60 percent share. But, dancing is the least popular with only 5% share. In conclusion, the photo and the pie chart provide significant details about the hobbies of people in this city.

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